Make the cut right below a leaf node and at a 45-degree angle. They have however devised means to circumvent the problem by using readily available alternatives to IBA and NAA like coconut water, and Tetracycline (Acetysalicylic acid or ASA ); Okunlola,6 Hence the study was conducted to examine the effects of a synthetic hormone and alternatives (Tetracycline and coconut water) on the propagation of bougainvillea from cuttings in the nursery. Place in a bright area out of direct sun, at least until plant is established. However, the mean separation of all the treatments did not show significant difference except for Purple (hard wood) and Purple (semi-hard wood) as shown in Table 2. [1] X Expert Source Monique Capanelli Plant Specialist Expert Interview. In hanging baskets or containers, as a climbing vine, wall cover, or shaped into a tree, the bougainvillea is a popular favorite visible in nearly every city, town, or rural hamlet across the country. Therefore root initiation in cuttings of Boungainvillea could be enhanced with Indole -3-butyric acid (IBA) or dipped in coconut water for 5 minutes and growth was also enhanced using the hard wood cuttings. Being a soft stem plant it sprouted roots easily and quickly! Alok. I do feel that it is easier to root plant cuttings in water than doing so in soil because you don't have to worry about the cuttings wilting with lack of water or drying up from the direct sun outdoors. Handle the bougainvillea’s fragile root ball carefully when transplanting to prevent damage. Cut a 6-8 inch length of stem, strip all but a few leaves from the cutting, dip cut end in rooting hormone, and place in a pot of moistened growing medium. Water until it drains out the drainage holes. Transplant the bougainvillea once the root system is as large the growing foliage. However with auxin application to the cutting, subsequent increase in the rooting may result in the increase of sprouting, this indirect effect of auxin on sprouting highlights the role of certain materials produced in the roots, responsible for sprouting. The effects of cutting types and length on rooting of, Kesari V, Das A, Rangan L. Effect of genotype and auxin treatments on rooting response in stem cuttings of CPTs of, Okunlola AI. Table 1 Effect of wood cuttings on stem girth of Bougainvillea spectabilis, Effect of wood cuttings on leaf number of Bougainvillea spectabilis. \r\rDAAIZZS TIPS:-\rPropagation of Bougainvillea Cuttings The easiest of bougainvillea propagation methods is to grow it from cuttings. Place the cutting in a clean glass. At week 12, Purple (hard wood) and both White (hard wood), Pink (semi-hard wood), Red (semi-hard wood), Pink (hard wood), Double colour (semi-hard wood) and Orange (semi-hard wood) had the highest and lowest stem girth of 0.54cm, 0.52cm, 0.48cm, 0.48cm, 0.47cm and 0.46cm respectively as shown in Table 1. Propagation from cuttings of two woody ornamental Australian shrubs, Leaky RRB, VR Charman, KA Longman. Take cuttings with a sharp, sterilized knife or shears. One cutting was planted in each polythene bag making a total of 144 pots. Fill a peat pot with a mixture of 1 part perlite and 1 part peat. Céline S, Luc N, Thierry B, et al. Asma N, Kashif A, Saifullah K. An optimized and improved method for the, Agele SO, Ayankanmi TG, Kikuno H. Effects of synthetic hormone substitutes and genotypes on rooting and mini tuber production of vines cuttings obtained from white yam (. Remove a section of softwood that’s at least 1/8 inch thick and features three to five nodes. Measure out a few tablespoons of rooting hormone powder and place it … Remove the rooted cuttings from plastic bag. Adv Plants Agric Res. Table 6  Effect of rooting hormone on wet root weight, dry root weight and root length of Bougainvillea spectabilis at 12WAP, In this study stem cuttings were used for propagation of Bougainvillea; hard wood and semi hard wood. ©2019 Ibironke. At week 12, Purple (hard wood) and Pink (semi-hard wood) had the highest and lowest number of leaves of 14.04 and 5.39 respectively. Cut a mature stem to a length of 6–8 inches (15–20 cm). The root weight was highest for Purple (hard wood) and lowest for Double color (semi-hard wood). Bougainvillea, because of its special characteristics, such as; high variation in type of foliage, production of many flowering inflorescence on one plant and continuous blooming of flowers with short production cycle has been very useful in the ornamental industry (Gordon, 2002). It’s … There was no significant difference in the mean separation of rooting hormone and tetracycline on stem girth. Cuttings should be about the length and thickness of a pencil. Choose a tip that looks healthy and has new growth. Remove the cutting from the stem’s softwood. Change out the water every 3-5 days with fresh room temperature water. permits unrestricted use, distribution, and build upon your work non-commercially. The use of coconut water also indirectly effected In vitro roots induction since during shoot multiplication; the addition of coconut water to the culture media resulted in maximum shoot length (7.2±0.16) and hence facilitating the efficient root formation. Cuttings strike all year-round in the tropics, rooting in about four weeks. The highest and lowest wet root weights were observed in coconut water (7.04g) and control (3.48g) respectively. However, the showy blossoms that make this plant a crowd favorite only develop on new growth. The effects of rooting hormone on the stem girth of Bougainvillea spectabilis were significant (p<0.05). Monitor the rooting for the next three to four months. Water-soluable fertilizer; Step 1 – Prepare Bougainvillea Cuttings. 22 September 2020. It is located in the rainforest zone with two distinct seasons. The plant is ready for transplanting when roots have begun to fill out along the inside of the pot. 2010;1:1‒15. The effect of rooting hormone on root length of Bougainvillea spectabilis was significant (p<0.05). The effect of cuttings on the dry root weight of Bougainvillea spectabilis were significant (p<0.05). The authors declared there is no conflict of interest. But how do you go about propagating bougainvillea seeds and cuttings? Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea glabra) vines thrive in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 9b to 11 and make an attractive addition to any home’s landscape. Bougainvillea can come as a bush, tree, or vine that produces large amounts of stunning flowers in a slew of colors. Check for root development a few weeks after potting the cutting. They are rooted by spring when I take down the gh. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version | Opera | Privacy Policy, Root initiation of bougainvillea from cuttings using different rooting hormones, Mohammed Ahmed Ali Fadwa, Hamid Ali Elbasheer Yahia. In Nigeria, the major burden of peasant gardeners overcoming the challenge of propagating difficult-to-root plant is the availability, accessibility and cost of procuring these exogenous auxins. Creative Commons Attribution License Bougainvilleas are subtropical and tropical woody vines with the capability of attaining spread in excess of 20 feet. At week 6, coconut water and control has the highest and lowest stem girth of 0.67cm and 0.30cm. The state lies between 41 300 and 61 400 east of the Greenwich meridian and latitudes 501 450 and 80 north of the equator. This enhanced root formation ultimately resulted in the high survival rate (>95%) of the grown plants. A few short stems (around 8″) also broke off and they started showing roots in 3 or 4 weeks. Cut a 4- to 5-inch-long (10 to 12 cm) stem (or side shoot) just below a leaf, and remove all but two or … Transplant the bougainvillea once the root system is as large the growing foliage. How to Multiply Plants of the Curly Willow, AZ Central: Bougainvillea Can Be Propagated by Using Cuttings, University of Hawaii at Manoa Cooperative Extension: Bougainvillea, Fine Gardening: Propagate Your Shrubs from Softwood Cuttings, University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service: Bougainvillea, North Carolina State University: Bougainvillea glabra. At week 12, coconut water and control had the highest and lowest stem girth of 0.83cm and 0.25cm. Cuttings treated with coconut water significantly increase shoot length, shoot girth, number of leaves, wet root weight, dry root weight and root length. Also, Agele et al.,17 performed an experiment on coconut water dilution levels on yam vines cuttings and concluded that Coconut water at 5% dilution in water was found useful as a root-promoting substance for vine cuttings. I have 3 new growth cuttings and 3 old growth cuttings. At week 9, coconut water and control had the highest and lowest leaf number of 9.29 and 5.90. The results of propagating a ZZ Plant by rooting stem cuttings in water: The stems you see in the green vase are 28″ long, give or take a bit. Based on a work at https://medcraveonline.com Effect of Media and Growth Hormone on the Rooting of Queen of Phillipines (, Singh KK, JMS Rawat, YK Tomor. The Plant Hormones: Their nature, occurrence, and functions. There was no significant difference in the mean separation of rooting hormone and tetracycline on stem girth. Equal volume of the growing media was filled in perforated polythene bags of size (20cm by 12cm), tightly leaving 2.5cm space at the top. Panwar RP, AK Gupta, JR Sharma et al. Indeed, covering your home’s exterior with their bright purple blooms doesn’t require a potentially expensive trip to a neighborhood greenhouse. At week 9, coconut water and control had the highest and lowest stem girth of 0.84cm and 0.48cm. Remove any leaves from the cutting and insert it upright in a mix of one part perlite and one part peat. The growing medium was prepared by mixing equal ratio of sand, and forest topsoil in the ratio of 1:1 (v/v). It is well known that the success of rooting in the majority of ornamental plants depends mainly on the physiological stage of the mother plant, the time of planting of the cutting and the type of growth regulators used.7,8 also reported that sprouting is mainly attributed to the stored carbohydrates in the cuttings used for sprouting. I’m sharing some tips and a few things you do need to know before you get started. Half sand and half commercial potting soil works well. Poke a pencil into the soil of the pot to make a hole 2-inches deep. Effect of auxin on rooting and sprouting behavior of stem cuttings of Bougainvillea under mist. Gupta et al.,12 reported that treatment of Bougainvillea cuttings with 1000ppm IBA gave maximum rooting (100%) with higher number of roots in soaking method but its availability and cost of procurement by the peasant gardeners made it of utmost importance to conduct studies on local and accessible alternatives such as coconut water and tetracycline Okunlola;6 Panwar et al.,13 observed the best rooting in hard woodcuttings of Bougainvillea var. There was no significant difference in the mean separation of coconut water, rooting hormone and tetracycline on stem girth as shown in Table 5. Insert the cutting approximately 1 to 2 inches into the potting mixture to ensure it roots and remains stable. The inverted glass jar creates a humid environment, which retains moisture around the cutting as it begins to root. Poor enough room temperature water to cover the nodes of the cutting. Simply bend a growing stem down to the ground in the same pot or another pot. Place the pots in a greenhouse, cloche, or coldframe, out of direct sunlight. How much depends on how many cuttings you plan on treating to root. Also, 3 Tetracycline capsules (750mg) were dissolved in 250ml of water and The coconut water from young green tender coconuts was extracted by poking holes in the “eyes” located on the side of the coconut fruits so that the liquid can remain fresh and retain its essential nutrients100ml of the fresh coconut water was measured and then poured into a clean bowl with the stem cuttings dipped in this solution for 5 minutes. Bougainvillea roots are also extremely sensitive to too much water. 929 NW 164th Street, Edmond, OK 73013 (Mailing Address) More Locations, Roosevelt 7/ 8, Széchenyi István tér 7- 8C tower, 1051 - Budapest, MedCrave Group Kft, Email: support@medcrave.com, Toll free: +1 (866) 482 - 9988, Fax No: +1 (918) 917 - 5848, © 2014-2020 MedCrave Group Kft, All rights reserved. Bougainvillea Propagation by Layering Method Layering is another method for propagating bougainvilleas. If you root your cutting in water, it develops … Generally, the use of cuttings from stems, leaves, roots or terminal buds is considered the most commonly applied technique, due to its practicability and simplicity, especially in a developing country like Nigeria, Okunlola, 2013. Most people say to put them in soil, but the water method seems to be working just fine as all cutting have lasted the week without dying. I just dip the 10 inch cuttings into water then rootone hormone. The treatments were: cutting types Hardwood and Semi hardwood cuttings; rooting hormone IBA, coconut water, tetracycline, control (no application); stem cuttings of six different varieties (colour). The plant hormones: their nature, occurrence, and functions. Baul TK, Mezbahuddin M, Mohiuddin M. Veg­etative propagation and initial growth performance of. Hormone rooting powder isn't necessary, just insert the cuttings two-thirds of their length into washed river sand. Proteomic Analysis of Different Mutant Genotypes of Arabidopsis Led to the Identification of 11 Proteins Correlating with Adventitious Root Development. Growth regulating activity of various chemical compounds of grapevine rootstock cuttings. IBA or NAA or combination of both is recommended for rooting of cuttings and are available in liquid, talc, tablet, and gel formulations. There were no significant difference in the mean separation of Purple (semi-hard wood), Double colour (semi-hard wood), Red (hard wood) and Pink (hard wood) as they had stem girth of 0.72cm, 0.72cm, 0.71cm and 0.69cm respectively. Springer, Dordrecht. How to grow bougainvillea from cuttings You can make your own extra bougainvillea plants by taking cuttings in summer or early autumn: Take 15cm-long cuttings from the new shoots with a little bit of the old growth attached. The effects of rooting hormone on number of leaves of Bougainvillea spectabilis were significant (p<0.05). Make sure you change the water regularly, at least every few days. DOI: 10.15406/apar.2019.09.00421. The site for the nursery was manually cleared and packed using simple farm tools.The nursery was made with bamboos and covered with palm fronds in 10 cm by 10 cm spaces. The experiment was conducted in the nursery the Department of Cop, Soil and Pest Management the Federal University of Technology, Akure March to June 2013. The data were subjected to analysis of variance, (ANOVA) and means separated using Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT). Prepare a small container with potting soil. Factors affecting root initiation in cuttings of, Wahab F, G Nabi, N Ali, et al. The stem cuttings of six different variegated varieties i.e the bract color (pink, red, double color, orange, white and purple), about 20 cm in length were obtained from healthy parent stock very early in the morning (to ensure the plant is fully turgid) with a sharp thin-bladed pocket knife, a smooth cut in each cutting was given on distal end and slanting cut was given at lower end just below the node. Sherer VK, RS Gadiev, AF Vorobeva, et al. Ramdayal P, AK Gupta, RS Saini, et al. , which Every time I am at my mothers house she has a new batch of cuttings submerged in water in mason jars sitting on the window sill. Specializing in pop culture, film and television, her work appears on Star Reviews and various other websites. Asma et al.,16 performed an experiment on In vitro propagation of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) using coconut water. Remove the cuttings with a sharp knife during the summer or early autumn. At week 12, coconut water and control had the highest and lowest leaf number of 10.37 and 4.92. In the horticultural industry most of perennial ornamental plants are multiplied and propagated vegetative through cuttings, layering or grafting. The formation of adventitious roots; new concepts, new possibilities. Okunlola AI. An experiment on stimulation of rooting of six Bougainvillea species using three different rooting hormones was conducted in the nursery, department of crop soil and pest management of the Federal University of Technology Akure, March to June, 2013. There was no significant difference in the mean separation of rooting hormone and tetracycline on stem girth. Honestly, it’s a simple as putting a stem into some water and waiting 1 – 2 weeks for roots to form! Open Access by MedCrave Group Kft is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Plant in a well-draining soil since Bougs do not like wet feet. The effect of rooting hormone on dry root weight of Bougainvillea spectabilis was significant (p<0.05). You should see some bark beginning to form on the stem. She has done this often with gardenias with great success. At week 6, Purple (hard wood) and White (semi-hard wood) had the highest and lowest number of leaves of 8.48 and 3.02 respectively. It is the best to propagate a coleus cutting in water instead of soil as it quite fail-proof. Their growth habits and beautiful showy bracts make them popular for landscapes. The effect of rooting hormone on wet root weight of Bougainvillea spectabilis was significant (p<0.05). The experiment was laid out in Completely Block Design (CRD) and replicated three times. Only take healthy cuttings that do not have signs of disease of infestation. Table 3 Effect of wood cuttings on wet root weight, dry root weight and root length of Bougainvillea spectabilis at 12WAP, Table 4 Effect of rooting hormone on stem girth of Bougainvillea spectabilis, Effect of rooting hormone on stem girth of Bougainvillea spectabilis. The media used were sand obtained from CSP horticultural garden and forest topsoil. Alok treated with IBA 2000ppm. At week 9, Red (hard wood) and White (semi-hard wood) had the highest and lowest stem girth of 0.88cm and 0.42cm respectively. Effect of wood cuttings on stem girth of Bougainvillea spectabilis. Gupta VN, BK Banerj, SK Datta. I have my cuttings in plastic water bottles I cut in half and filled with water. A dibber was used to create a hole for the insertion of the cuttings. The mean monthly maximum and minimum relative humidity were 83% and 65%. The experiment was laid out in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) and replicated three times. Zinski is pursuing a Bachelor of Arts in history at the University of Wisconsin. The rainfall pattern of Akure is bimodal the mean annual rainfall and number of rainy days were 1495.4mm and 110 days respectively. How to Grow Plants From Cuttings: Using water to root plants is the easiest method there is. Jadhav,14 observed more rooting percentage and number of roots from the stem cuttings of Phalsa when treated with IBA at 200ppm. Wait and watch as your roots grow! Preliminary experiments by the North Florida Research and Education Center show that using copper hydroxide impregnated pots helps bougainvillea cuttings to grow a more fibrous root system, which would makes the roots less susceptible to breakage. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the The results showed that the Indole -3-butyric acid and the coconut water had significant effect on the root emergence and root growth of Bougainvillea species compared to the other hormones used and the hard wood cuttings enhanced the rooting of the Bougainvillea compared to the semi –hard wood. into the growing medium. At week 6, both Red (hard wood) and Orange (hard wood) and Double colour (semi-hard wood) had the highest and lowest stem girth of 0.70cm, 0.68cm and 0.28cm respectively. Cerveny C, James G. Rooting hormones, Growers guide; Wilson S, Thetford M. Principle and techniques of cutting propagation 1; Plant propagation, Pearson publisher inc. New Jersey: 2011. Plant the rooted cutting in a pot featuring well-drained potting soil. Root initiation of bougainvillea from cuttings using different rooting hormones. Continue to grow your rooted Bougainvillea in a bright location, remembering to water the soil to keep it moist but not soggy. Rooting response of semi-hard cuttings of guava (, Agricultural Economics and Pest Management. Wandering jew cutting propagation is the easiest way to get new plants without buying more at the nursery. Keywords: difficult-to-root plants, plant growth regulator, stem cuttings. The results revealed that the different stem cuttings had significant effects on the stem length, stem girth, number of leaves, root length, wet and dry root weight. Apply another dose of broad-spectrum fungicide after transplanting your bougainvillea to stave off root rot. In: Davis PJ, editor. Day JS, BR Loveys. The new growth cuttings appear to be doing the best, one has developed new leaves over the course of the week. DOI: 10.15406/apar.2019.09.00421 The solution was prepared by dissolving the IBA compound in 95% ethanol and adding distilled water. Remove any leaves from the cutting before planting. There were no significant difference between Pink (semi-hard wood), Pink (hard wood) and Orange (hard wood), they had root weight of 7.13g, 7.30g and 7.35g respectively. There was no significant difference in the wet root weight of cuttings dipped in coconut water and tetracycline as shown in Table 6. Vegetative propagation of. Carefully dig a trench around the root ball and pull out the growing bougainvillea. Cuttings for propagation should be five to nine nodes in length. Coconut water also contains myo-inisitol and micro-constituent (phenyl urea), which enhances the activity of cytokines and also has IAA and Gibbrellic acid.17, Tetracycline (acetysalicylic acid or ASA) did not influence rooting of Bougainvillea cuttings though it is a potent plant hormone that stimulates the natural defense system in plants and has the ability to overwhelms disease pathogens by travelling through all parts of the infected plant thereby activating the immune system.18 However increase in the amount of ASA or frequency of use which is possibly damaging at higher application may be responsible for this however there is the need to conduct further research to estimate in what proportion ASA can be formulated for use as an alternative rooting hormone especially in Nigeria Okunlola.6‒25. Sink it one or two inches (2.5-5 cm.) The effect of cuttings on the fresh root weight of Bougainvillea spectabilis was significant (p<0.05). Root Plants In Water With Cuttings. But it’s still not the best way to root cuttings. Please type the correct Captcha word to see email ID. The application of IBA improved rooting and root number as compared to untreated control. And it works… sometimes. The mean daily maximum and minimum temperatures of the area ranges between 25oC and 37oC. Root length was highest for Red (semi-hard wood) and Double color (semi-hard wood) as they had 16.33cm and 5.74cm length. The highest and lowest dry root weight was observed in coconut water (0.83g) and control (0.23g) respectively. At week 6, coconut water and control had the highest and lowest leaf number of 6.54 and 3.86 respectively. If you feel a slight resistance, then the cuttings have rooted. The medium (coconut water) is rich in proteins, amino acids sugars, vitamins, minerals and growth hormones essential to promote tissue growth (George, 1993). Or, you can put it in a pot, curling the lower section around so all but the tip is covered with soil. Davies PJ. The effects of wood cuttings of the leaf number of Bougainvillea spectabilis were significant (p<0.05). © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. There was no significant difference in the mean separation of rooting hormone and tetracycline on stem girth at week 3. A reasonable size, but not too large since roots are young. They are widely cultivated as porch, adornments, arbour and ornaments. During the study, it was observed that the root induction was highly effected by the length of shoots and an appropriate length was pre-requisite for the efficient root formation. Dry root weight for Pink (hard wood) had the highest value and lowest value was recorded for both White (semi-hard wood) and Double color (hard wood) 0.92g, 0.33g and 0.33g respectively. Softwood cuttings don’t require rooting hormone. If you want, you can dip the end of the cutting in root hormone. At week 3, Orange (hard wood) and both White (hard wood) and White (semi-hard wood) had the highest and lowest stem girth of 0.66cm, 0.07cm and 0.07cm respectively. Give your new plant time to acclimate from water to soil. Physiological studies for tree improvement and conservation. Fill the container with a fertile, pre-mixed potting soil. Also, 3 Tetracycline capsules (750mg) were dissolved in 250ml of water and The coconut water Residing in Chippewa Falls, Wis., Jaimie Zinski has been writing since 2009. For generations, gardeners have been rooting cuttings in a glass of water placed on the windowsill. They are also used in mass planting, as shrubs or bushes, ground covers, as hedge plants, barrier plants and slope coverings, in hanging baskets, and in containers for Bonsai.1 Though bougainvilleas are primarily propagated by stem cuttings, the success of propagation by stem cutting is very limited; growers observed poor rooting percentage due to lack of competence to form adventitious roots by cuttings which occurs routinely and is an obstacle for their vegetative propagation.2 Adventitious root formation is a key step in vegetative propagation of woody or horticultural species, and problems associated with rooting of cuttings frequently result in significant economic losses.1,3 preventing growers from realizing the full potential of propagation.4 The key to overcoming this challenge is the application of exogenous auxins/rooting hormones.5 The commercially available exogenous auxin that aids the formation of adventitious roots are; Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), Indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) and Napthalene Acetic acid (NAA). Adv Plants Agric Res. Continue to provide enough water to keep the soil moist, and don’t allow your perlite and peat mixture to dry out. Injure (a minor cut) the stem near a node… Also, there were no significant difference between Orange (semi-hard wood), White (semi-hard wood) and Purple (semi-hard wood) they have wet root weight of 5.16g, 5.46g and 5.43g respectively. Effect of rooting hormone on leaf number of Bougainvillea spectabilis. Wandering Jjw cuttings should be 3 to 4 inches (7.6 to 10 cm.) At week 3, Orange (hard wood), Red (hard wood) and Orange (semi-hard wood) had the highest number of leaves of 4.80, 4.48 and 4.26, while White (semi-hard wood) had the lowest number of leaves of 0.64. You can also pull gently on the stems to test for root formation. The data were collected on; length of longest root (cm); number of days to sprouting by counting; number of leaves per cutting (by counting); plant height (cm) using metre rule; Stem girth size (cm) using vernier calliper; Root fresh and dry weight (g) were measured using a sensitive Mettler top-loading balance. No part of this content may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means as per the standard guidelines of fair use. De Klerk GJ, Van Der Krieken WM, De Jong JC. The softwood cutting is area on the plant’s stem that isn’t brand new, or established, and will snap when bent. Table 2 Effect of wood cuttings on number of leaves of Bougainvillea spectabilis. Seasonal variation in rooting of leafy olive cuttings under mist. Data were collected on number of days to sprouting, plant height, stem girth, stem length, wet root weight, dry root weight, the number of leaves per cutting and length of longest roots and subjected to Analysis of variance (ANOVA) to determine the level of significance and Tukey Test was used to separate the means. Before cuttings were inserted into the different media, they were moistened and allowed to settle overnight. In southern Australia, cuttings are best taken in summer. There was no significant difference between Red (hard wood), Orange (hard wood), Purple (hard wood) and Purple (semi-hard wood), they had dry root weight of 0.57g, 0.60g, 0.70g and 0.54g as shown in Table 3 & 4. To ensure that bougainvillea blooms abundantly, strategically put it at a location where it is exposed to the direct… This window gets some light but it is not bright light. Keywords: difficult-to-root plants, plant growth regulator, stem cuttings The highest and lowest root length was observed in coconut water (12.05cm) and control (6.88cm) respectively. Blazich FA. Carefully dig a trench around the root ball and pull out the growing bougainvillea. The study also ascertained rooting ability of the hardwood compared to the semi hardwood cuttings this is in accord with the results obtained by Ramadayal et al.,15 who reported highest percentage of rooting, number of roots per cutting and root length from the hard wood cuttings of Bougainvillea variety Mary Plamer in response to the auxin. Propagation by cuttings will allow you to keep an adequate supply of new plants to maintain the vibrant look you love, even in climates less favorabl… The effect of stem cuttings on the root length of Bougainvillea spectabilis was significant (p<0.05). At week 9, Purple (hard wood) and White (hard wood) had the highest and lowest number of leaves of 14.29 and 4.56 respectively. The solution was prepared by dissolving the IBA compound in 95% ethanol and adding distilled water. Regret for the inconvenience: we are taking measures to prevent fraudulent form submissions by extractors and page crawlers. I stick them in pots with other plants. Cover the plant with an inverted glass jar and place it in an area that receives partial shade. long. The increase in length of roots in cuttings treated with growth regulators may be due to the accumulation of metabolites at the site of application of auxins, cell enlargement, enhanced hydrolysis of carbohydrates, synthesis of new proteins, and cell division induced by the auxins Asl et al 2007. At week 3, coconut water and the control had the highest and lowest stem girth of 0.48cm and 0.12cm respectively. Apply a broad-spectrum fungicide to prevent root rot and provide enough water to moisten the soil, not create muddy mess. Table 5 Effect of rooting hormone on number of leaves of Bougainvillea spectabilis, Effect of rooting hormone on wet root weight, dry root weight and root length of Bougainvillea spectabilis. Yes, they need moisture to root… Open the rooting hormone and place a few tablespoons into a cup. At week 3, coconut water and control had the highest and lowest leaf number of 4.45 and 1.29. Bougainvillea cuttings cut stem with 2-3 joint cut all the leaves, can start with glass of water change the water every few days or to put in the moist soil and keep it, do not overwater, the season it’s in the spring and it’s recommend it’s ensure what kind of plant and flower color it will be. Root initiation of bougainvillea from cuttings using different rooting hormones. Influence of indole butyric acid (IBA) on rooting potential of Torch Glory. Two of my houseplants were looking poorly so I took a leaf cutting from each and placed them on the windowsill of my kitchen. 2019;9(1):121-125. Department of Crop, Soil and Pest Management, Federal University of Technology, Nigeria, Correspondence: Okunlola A Ibironke, Department of Crop, Soil and Pest Management The Federal University of Technology P.M.B 704 Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria, Received: May 04, 2017 | Published: January 17, 2019, Citation: Ibironke OA. In: Davis TD, Haissig BE, Sankhla N, et al editors. Keep the pot very warm. Roots that sit in water, even for a short period, often develop root or stem rot and plant death. The top soil and sand were sieved to get rid of stones and other extrogenous materials, also to improve aeration and porosity. to root. Hartmann HT, F Loreti. Bougainvillea cuttings need filtered light, minimal moisture and temperatures above 75 degrees Fahrenheit.) You see, cuttings grown in water get too much of a good thing: H20. Chemicals and formulations used to promote adventitious rooting. The stem girth of Bougainvillea spectabilis cuttings were significant (p<0.05). According to the University of Hawaii at Manoa’s Cooperative Extension, removing cuttings from the maturing greenwood, softwood terminals or intermediate wood stem pieces offers the greatest chance for successful propagation. Effect of auxin on the rooting of cutting in. Use a pair of sharp pruning shears to snip the lower end of the stem at a 45 degree angle. Place it to this depth into a pot of propagating sand. Remove any leaves from the bottom third of the cutting. I only water in my gh once a week and keep it above freezing. Effect of growth regulators on rooting in Bougainvillea var. 2019;9(1):121‒125. IBA has been reported to markedly increase adventitious root formation in many species.3,6,9-11 observed a similar trend in the vegetative propagation of Stereospermum suaveolens with cuttings treated with 0.2% IBA producing the longest root; results obtained by Carpenter and Cornell (1992) who, investigated the adventitious root proliferation response of three Hibiscus rosa-sinensis cultivars, found that rooting is highly influenced by IBA application duration and concentration. Try layering when the plant is growing, in spring. Bougainvillea is a beautiful tropical perennial which make an attractive addition to any home’s landscape. Therefore root initiation in cuttings of Boungainvillea could be enhanced with Indole -3-butyric acid (IBA) or dipped in coconut water for 5 minutes and growth was also enhanced using the hard wood cuttings. I get lots of cuttings to root this way so I must be doing something right. 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