His new job is leading Iowa Interfaith Power and Light, a faith-based organization committed to addressing climate change. [53] Along the Missouri River at least five French and English trading houses were built before 1808. [81], Iowa had several brigadier generals and four major generals—Grenville Mellen Dodge, Samuel R. Curtis, Francis J. Herron, and Frederick Steele—and saw many of its generals go on to state and national prominence following the war. Once admitted to the Union, the state's boundary issues resolved, and most of its land purchased from Natives, Iowa set its direction to development and organized campaigns for settlers and investors, boasting the young frontier state's rich farmlands, fine citizens, free and open society, and good government. How Did Iowa Coalitions Campaign for the Equal Rights Amendment in 1980 and 1992?, WL 874044 [66] Many Meskwaki later returned to Iowa and settled near Tama, Iowa; the Meskwaki Settlement remains to this day. In the first decision of the Iowa Supreme Court—In Re the Matter of Ralph,[210] decided July 1839—the Court rejected slavery in a decision that found a slave named Ralph became free when he stepped on Iowa soil, 26 years before the end of the Civil War. Iowa (/ˈaɪəwə/ (listen))[5][6][7] is a state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri River and Big Sioux River to the west. Meatpacker Tyson Foods has 11 locations, second only to its headquarter state Arkansas. [37] Snowfall is common, with Des Moines getting about 26 days of snowfall a year, and other places, such as Shenandoah getting about 11 days of snowfall in a year. [218] Full racial civil rights were codified under the Iowa Civil Rights Act of 1965. 35. Males made up approximately 49.6% of the population. [198] Fort Madison is served by Amtrak's Southwest Chief, running daily between Chicago and Los Angeles.[199]. [106], Iowa's population is more urban than rural, with 61 percent living in urban areas in 2000, a trend that began in the early 20th century. [211] The state did away with racial barriers to marriage in 1851, more than 100 years before the U.S. Supreme Court would ban miscegenation statutes nationwide. [234] Iowa's schools are credited with the highest graduation rate in the nation as of 2019. High °F. Low °F. Human Rights Campaign", "USA Today, Iowa Court Upholds Gay Marriage", Why the United States Led in Education: Lessons from Secondary School Expansion, 1910 to 1940, "Lawmakers Scrounge Up Bus Money for Rural School Districts", "Bellevue school board sets referendum for $16 million bond issuance", "Carnegie Classifications | Standard Listings", "Our Members | Association of American Universities (AAU)", "WEDDINGS; Susan B. Titman, Peter S. Hedges", 2018 National College Football Attendance, "Division I Attendance for the 2018–19 Season", "By the numbers: Hawkeye wrestling's regular season success", "Big 12 Conference | American athletic conference", "Iowa Corn Assumes Lead for Cy-Hawk Series", "The PFL - About the PFL - Pioneer Football League Official Site", "The Official Site of the Pacific Coast League", "Teams | North American Tier III Hockey League | NA3HL", "Des Moines Menace finding new home digs, 'new' league for 2019 season", "Drake University Athletics - Men's Soccer - Drake University", "Drake University Athletics - Women's Soccer - Drake University", "Famous People From Iowa, Famous Natives Sons - Worldatlas.com", Energy Data & Statistics for Iowa—U.S. Incumbent U.S. Precipitation. Department of Energy, cities with populations exceeding 100,000, Spanish involvement in the American Revolutionary War, Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (Yucatán conquistador), Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (founder of Nicaragua), Indigenous people during De Soto's travels, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Iowa&oldid=990652185#Climate, States and territories established in 1846, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from May 2014, Articles with dead external links from October 2010, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2005, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, Articles to be expanded from February 2020, BLP articles lacking sources from September 2020, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 19:02. Man-made lakes include Lake Odessa,[24] Saylorville Lake, Lake Red Rock, Coralville Lake, Lake MacBride, and Rathbun Lake. Iowa is an alcohol monopoly or alcoholic beverage control state. Sullivan's Line, the Honey War, and latitudinal estimations", "Central tall grasslands | Ecoregions | WWF", Iowa Must Step Up Investment in Public Lands, "Report: Many Iowa coal plants among nation's oldest", "Iowa Works to Reduce Run-off Polluting the Gulf of Mexico", "Climate Iowa: Temperature, climate graph, Climate table for Iowa - Climate-Data.org", "Average Annual Snowfall Totals in Iowa - Current Results", "2008 Iowa tornadoes deadliest since 1968", "Site of Iowa's coldest temp shivers with rest of state", "Iowa Weather-Iowa Weather Forecast-Iowa Climate", "Average Weather for Des Moines, IA—Temperature and Precipitation", "Average Weather for Mason City, IA—Temperature and Precipitation", "Average Weather for Sioux City, IA—Temperature and Precipitation", Average Annual Precipitation Iowa, 1961–1990 (GIF File), "Average Weather for Des Moines, IA—Temperature and Precipitation, Weather.com, Retrieved Jan. 7, 2009", "Fort Atkinson, Nebraska, 1820–1827, and Other Missouri River Sites", "Research Guides: Indian Removal Act: Primary Documents in American History: Introduction", "INDIAN AFFAIRS: LAWS AND TREATIES Vol. In July the average temperature is in the mid-80s F Iowa - Iowa - Climate: Iowa has a four-season climate, reflecting the state’s position deep in the interior of the continent. [192] The state sales tax rate is 6%, with non-prepared food having no tax. Northeast Iowa, part of the Driftless Area, has led the state in development of its regional food system and grows and consumes more local food than any other region in Iowa. A flooded street in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, in June 2008. [220] In 1847, the University of Iowa became the first public university in the U.S. to admit men and women on an equal basis. The risk of flooding has increased with the tilling of farm fields and the straightening of some rivers and streams. [72] Primarily, they were families from Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, Indiana, Kentucky, and Virginia who settled along the western banks of the Mississippi River, founding the modern day cities of Dubuque and Bellevue. Monthly: 1981-2010 normals History: 2015-2019 [90], Food processing is the largest component of manufacturing. This transformation happened gradually. Le Mars is in the northeastern part of the Sioux City Metropolitan Area and is the self-proclaimed "Ice Cream Capital of the World". [59][60] Fort Madison was defeated by British-supported Indigenous people in 1813 during the War of 1812, and Fort Shelby in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, also fell to the British. By the time European explorers and traders visited Iowa, American Indians were largely settled farmers with complex economic, social, and political systems. Iowa is home to more than 70 wineries,[135] and hosts five regional wine tasting trails. The Iowa Great Lakes is made up of multiple small towns, such as Spirit Lake, Arnolds Park, Milford, and Okoboji. Five Nobel Prize winners hail from Iowa: Norman Borlaug, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize; Thomas Cech, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry; Alan J. Heeger, also a recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry; John Mott, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize; and Stanley B. Prusiner, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. The annual average rainfall ranges from less than 26 inches (660 mm) in the northwest to more than 38 inches (965 mm) in the southeast. [19], Iowa's bedrock geology generally increases in age from west to east. Because of the extraordinary history in the teaching and sponsoring of creative writing that emanated from the Iowa Writers' Workshop and related programs, Iowa City was the first American city designated by the United Nations as a "City of Literature" in the UNESCO Creative Cities Network.[133]. A Pew Research poll released three weeks after the 2008 Iowa caucuses found … According to the AMA annual report from 2007 Wellmark Blue Cross Blue Shield had provided 71% of the state's health insurance. [177] The Research Park hosts about 50 companies, among them NewLink Genetics, which develops cancer immunotherapeutics, and the U.S. animal health division of Boehringer Ingelheim, Vetmedica. The Iowa Speedway oval track has hosted auto racing championships such as the IndyCar Series, NASCAR Nationwide Series and NASCAR Truck Series since 2006. We collected past weather data from many thousand weather stations around the world. [61][62] Another small military outpost was established along the Mississippi River in present-day Bellevue. The state averages 166 days of full sunshine and 199 cloudy or partly cloudy days. This reduces the amount of money spent on other aspects of the districts. Iowa Department of Revenue, Iowa Tax / Fee Descriptions and Rates. [15][16], Iowa is the only state whose east and west borders are formed almost entirely by rivers. For the river, see, Map of the United States with Iowa highlighted, "Northern Iowa" redirects here. Around Pella, residents of Dutch descent once spoke the Pella Dutch dialect. Eastern Iowa. Iowa has three professional football teams. Averages are for Dubuque Regional Airport, which is 7 miles from Dubuque. Iowa has a strong financial and insurance sector, with approximately 6,100 firms,[90] including AEGON, Nationwide Group, Aviva USA, Farm Bureau Financial Services, Voya Financial, Marsh Affinity Group, MetLife, Principal Financial Group, Principal Capital Management, Wells Fargo, and University of Iowa Community Credit Union. [66], The Sauk and Meskwaki sold their land in the Mississippi Valley during 1832 in the Black Hawk Purchase[67] and sold their remaining land in Iowa in 1842, most of them moving to a reservation in Kansas. July is the hottest month for Iowa with an average high temperature of 84.3°, which ranks it as cooler than most states. [204] Lieutenant Governor Kim Reynolds succeeded him on May 24, 2017, following Branstad's appointment as U.S. [177], Ethanol production consumes about a third of Iowa's corn production, and renewable fuels account for eight percent of the state's gross domestic product. 60, page 315, Iowa Official Register, Volume No. Smaller airports in the state include the Davenport Municipal Airport (Iowa), Dubuque Regional Airport, Fort Dodge Regional Airport, Mason City Municipal Airport, Sioux Gateway Airport, Southeast Iowa Regional Airport, and Waterloo Regional Airport. Iowa was the 4th out of 10 states with the biggest drop in competition levels of health insurance between 2010 and 2011, per the 2013 annual report on the level of competition in the health insurance industry by the American Medical Association[173] using 2011 data from HealthLeaders-Interstudy, the most comprehensive source of data on enrollment in health maintenance organization (HMO), preferred provider organization (PPO), point-of-service (POS) and consumer-driven health care plans. [97] The population density of the state is 52.7 people per square mile. Snowfall is common, with Des Moines getting about 26 days of snowfall a year, and other places, such as Shenandoah getting about 11 days of snowfall in a year. ), The lesser coat of arms of France as used by the, List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, List of largest Iowa cities by population, Order of Cistercians of the Strict Observance, Herbert Hoover Presidential Library and Museum, Silos & Smokestacks National Heritage Area, National Mississippi River Museum and Aquarium, List of United States Representatives from Iowa, United States presidential elections in Iowa, Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, List of colleges and universities in Iowa, American Association of Independent Professional Baseball, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Elevations and Distances in the United States", "S1901: INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (IN 2018 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS)", "Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas Population Totals: 2010–2018", "N.H. Receives Lowest Crime Ranking; Nevada Ranks as Worst State", "Forty-Thirty-five or fight? [40] In 2008, twelve people were killed by tornadoes in Iowa, making it the deadliest year since 1968 and also the second most tornadoes in a year with 105, matching the total from 2001. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Snowfall is light compared with the amount received in other states to the north and east. Iowa is a hotbed of wrestling in the United States. These are very good questions and should be asked whenever the lede of a science news story is based on an image. Representatives Leonard Boswell (D) and Tom Latham (R) ran against each other in 2012 in the third congressional district which had new boundaries; Latham won and retired after the 2014 elections. [57], After the 1803 Louisiana Purchase, Congress divided the Louisiana Purchase into two parts—the Territory of Orleans and the District of Louisiana, with present-day Iowa falling in the latter. [184][185][186][187][188][189][190], Tax is collected by the Iowa Department of Revenue. [197], Amtrak's California Zephyr serves the south of Iowa with stops at Burlington, Mount Pleasant, Ottumwa, Osceola, and Creston on its daily route between Chicago and Emeryville, California. Among the early traders on the Mississippi were Julien Dubuque, Robert de la Salle, and Paul Marin. In July the average temperature is in the mid-80s F (about 30 °C) but rarely reaches 100 °F (38 °C). [262], The United States Hockey League has five teams in Iowa: the Cedar Rapids RoughRiders, Sioux City Musketeers, Waterloo Black Hawks, Des Moines Buccaneers, and the Dubuque Fighting Saints. Iowa is the nation's largest producer of ethanol and corn and some years is the largest grower of soybeans. About Climate Data. Climate can mean the average weather for a particular region and time period taken over 30 years. Waterloo is home of the Grout Museum and is headquarters of the Silos & Smokestacks National Heritage Area. King represented the old fifth congressional district. [168] Iowa's main conventional agricultural commodities are hogs, corn, soybeans, oats, cattle, eggs, and dairy products. Other communities with vibrant historic downtown areas include West Liberty, Fairfield, Burlington, Mount Pleasant, Fort Madison, LeClaire, Mount Vernon, Ottumwa, Washington, and Wilton. Waterloo was founded in the 19th century on the banks of the Cedar River. Together with Cedar Falls Waterloo forms the Waterloo-Cedar Falls metropolitan area. During the Late Prehistoric period (beginning about AD 900) increased use of maize and social changes led to social flourishing and nucleated settlements. Population Trends: The Changing Face of Iowa. [29] As of 2005[update] Iowa ranked 49th of U.S. states in public land holdings. [36], Iowa has a humid continental climate throughout the state (Köppen climate classification Dfa) with extremes of both heat and cold. Besides processed food, industrial outputs include machinery, electric equipment, chemical products, publishing, and primary metals. In Iowa, the term "political party" refers to political organizations which have received two percent or more of the votes cast for president or governor in the "last preceding general election". Historically, religious sects and orders who desired to live apart from the rest of society established themselves in Iowa, such as the Amish and Mennonite near Kalona and in other parts of eastern Iowa such as Davis County and Buchanan County. The Rathbun Dam on the Chariton River, the Red Rock and Saylorville dams on the Des Moines River, and the Coralville Dam on the Iowa River were built to protect against flooding, but they are also important for recreation, particularly boating. Notable writers, artists, and news personalities from Iowa include Bill Bryson, George Gallup, Susan Glaspell, Mauricio Lasansky, Tomas Lasansky, Harry Reasoner, and Grant Wood. [162][163], Iowa's Driftless Region is also home to the nationally recognized Seed Savers Exchange, a non-profit seed bank housed at an 890-acre heritage farm near Decorah, in the northeast corner of the state. Dubuque is home to the Archdiocese of Dubuque, which serves as the ecclesiastical province for all three other dioceses in the state and for all the Catholics in the entire state of Iowa. Other national leaders who lived in Iowa include John L. Lewis, Harry Hopkins, Carrie Chapman Catt, and Chief Black Hawk. The July high is around 86 degrees. Place. [207] The national and international media give Iowa and New Hampshire extensive attention, which gives Iowa voters leverage. Average temperatures and precipitation amounts for more than 143 cities in Iowa. [12], Iowa derives its name from the Ioway people, one of the many Native American nations whose territory comprised the future state at the time of European colonization. After English, Spanish is the second-most-common language spoken in Iowa, with 120,000 people in Iowa of Hispanic or Latino origin and 47,000 people born in Latin America. [108] The shift from rural to urban has caused population increases in more urbanized counties such as Dallas, Johnson, Linn, Polk, and Scott, at the expense of more rural counties. Summers are warm and more humid. Precipitation is seasonal, falling mostly in the summer. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [87], The farm crisis of the 1980s caused a major recession in Iowa, causing poverty not seen since the Depression. In July, the warmest month, the average day time temperature rises to 86.0°F. [180] They include Principal Financial, Rockwell Collins, and American Equity Investment. Kim Reynolds signs 'fetal heartbeat' bill", "Iowa's 'fetal heartbeat' abortion restriction declared unconstitutional", "Iowa Civil Rights Act—Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity", "Iowa Supreme Court: Same-sex couples can marry " Iowa Independent", "BREAKING: Iowa Supreme Court rules in favor of marriage equality! " [72][73] On July 4, 1838, the U.S. Congress established the Territory of Iowa. They marched on General Nathaniel Banks' ill-starred expedition to the Red River. [194] Property tax is levied on the taxable value of real property. [226], The state's law criminalizing same-sex sexual activity was repealed in June 1976, 27 years before Lawrence v. Texas. Other communities with vibrant historic downtown areas include Decorah, McGregor, Mason City, Elkader, Bellevue, Guttenberg, Algona, Spillville, Charles City, and Independence. Metropolitan Area and a hub of southwest Iowa, sits at the base of the Loess Hills National Scenic Byway. Interstate 29 (I-29) travels along the state's western edge through Council Bluffs and Sioux City. Slipknot, a heavy metal band, was formed in Des Moines in 1995. Other bird species include the goldfinch, oriole, cardinal, bunting, bluejay, and bluebird. After the Louisiana Purchase, people laid the foundation for an agriculture-based economy in the heart of the Corn Belt. Nearby attractions include Adventureland and Prairie Meadows Racetrack Casino in Altoona, Living History Farms in Urbandale, Trainland USA in Colfax, and the Iowa Speedway and Valle Drive-In in Newton. [79], Much of Iowa's support for the Union can be attributed to Samuel J. Kirkwood, its first wartime governor. I-35 travels from the Missouri state line to the Minnesota state line through the state's center, including Des Moines. Iowa Climate graph // Weather by Month 77. Also in Madison County is the John Wayne Birthplace Museum is in Winterset. [53][54] The area of Iowa was claimed for France and remained a French territory until 1763. Thereafter, the fair moved to locations closer to the center of the state and in 1886 found a permanent home in Des Moines. [212], The Iowa Supreme Court decided Clark v. The board of directors[213] in 1868, ruling that racially segregated "separate but equal" schools had no place in Iowa, 85 years before Brown v. Board of Education. Other factors negatively affecting Iowa's environment include the extensive use of older coal-fired power plants,[34] fertilizer and pesticide runoff from crop production,[35] and diminishment of the Jordan Aquifer. Average winters in the state have been known to drop well below freezing, even dropping below −18 °F (−28 °C). [23], Several natural lakes exist, most notably Spirit Lake, West Okoboji Lake, and East Okoboji Lake in northwest Iowa (see Iowa Great Lakes). Companies with direct or indirect processing facilities in Iowa include ConAgra Foods, Wells Blue Bunny, Barilla, Heinz, Tone's Spices, General Mills, and Quaker Oats. At least 11 other states have, too", "Centers of Population for the 2010 Census", "2018 American Community Survey—Demographic and Housing Estimates", "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States", "Population of Iowa: Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts", "2016 American Community Survey—Demographic and Housing Estimates", "2016 American Community Survey—Selected Social Characteristics", "In This Small Town in Iowa the Future Speaks Spanish", "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019", "Estimates of Resident Population Change and Rankings: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019—United States—Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico", National Vital Statistics Reports—Births: Final Data for 2013, National Vital Statistics Reports—Births: Final Data for 2014, National Vital Statistics Reports—Births: Final Data for 2015, National Vital Statistics Reports—Births: Final Data 2016, National Vital Statistics Reports—Births, by race and origin of mother: United States, each state and territory, 2017, "Religious composition of adults in Iowa", "American Religious Identification Survey 2001", "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report", "Religious Congregations & Membership: 2000", "Postville, Iowa's Jewish Community Bounces Back After Immigration Raid", "UNESCO declares Seattle a City of Literature", "America's Top States for Business in 2010", Gross domestic product by sector and state, "Local Area Unemployment Statistics—Iowa, Statewide", "Alcoa Davenport Works to become Arconic", "Whirlpool Amana plant remaining closed after more positive coronavirus tests", "John Deere Factory Tours | John Deere US", "IOWA ICON: Pete Kuyper's idea changed the future of his hometown", "P&G Iowa City Plant | P&G News | Events, Multimedia, Public Relations", "Winnebago will open new plant outside of Forest City", "Looking for greater profits, more Iowa farmers move to organic corn, soybeans", "Multiple Measures of the Role of Agriculture in Iowa's Economy", "Impact of grain-processing industry runs deep, but people don't see it", "AMA Analysis Lists States Where One Private Health Insurer Rules", "Annual report to the Iowa Governor and the Iowa Legislature", "Incubators Blossom along with Their Startups", "The World's Biggest Public Companies #380", "Company Overview of Vermeer Corporation", "Company Overview of Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc", "Company Overview of Fareway Stores, Inc", "State of Iowa Taxes | Iowa Department of Revenue", "State Corporate Income Tax Rates and Brackets for 2016—Tax Foundation", "No tax increases planned for next year, Culver says", "How one city in Iowa caught 160,000 speeders in less than two years", "Amtrak California Zephyr - ShareMap.org", "Libertarian Party obtains official political party status in Iowa", "Official Results Report—Statewide: 2006 General Election", "Terry Branstad just became the longest serving governor in American history", "State of Iowa Voter Registration Totals", "Beyond expectations: effects of early elections in U.S. presidential nomination contests". Before European settlement, 4 to 6 million acres of the state was covered with wetlands, about 95% of these wetlands have been drained. [79], Most fought in the great campaigns in the Mississippi Valley and in the South. Renewable energy has become a major economic force in northern and western Iowa, with wind turbine electrical generation increasing exponentially since 1990. The gender makeup of the state was 49.5% male and 50.5% female. Natives of northern Iowa—including Sioux City, Fort Dodge, and the Waterloo region—tend to speak the dialect linguists call North Central American English, which is also found in North and South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan. Average daily temperatures in September. Sioux City is home to two higher education institutions, Morningside College and Briar Cliff University. Iowa can be divided into eight landforms based on glaciation, soils, topography, and river drainage. [70] Western Iowa around modern Council Bluffs was used as an Indian Reservation for members of the Council of Three Fires. [221] In 1869, Iowa became the first state in the union to admit women to the practice of law, with the Court ruling women may not be denied the right to practice law in Iowa and admitting Arabella A. Mansfield to the practice of law. The Great Depression and World War II accelerated the shift away from smallholder farming to larger farms, and began a trend of urbanization. On average, there are 200 sunny days per year in Iowa, Iowa. More careful agricultural practices and animal husbandry, along with outright bans on DDT, a synthetic insecticide, has helped to rejuvenate Iowa’s wildlife. [176]:31 Rising RBC is an indication of profits.[176]:31. In Des Moines, roughly in the center of the state, over two-thirds of the 34.72 inches (88.2 cm) of rain falls from April through September, and about half the average annual precipitation falls from May through August, peaking in June. ISU Extension Midwest Grape and Wine Industry Institute, Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce, as presented in the 2007. In NCAA FBS, the University of Iowa Hawkeyes play in the Big Ten Conference[251] and the Iowa State University Cyclones compete in the Big 12 Conference. Annual Weather Averages Near Dubuque. [238], The Iowa Board of Regents is composed of nine citizen volunteers appointed by the governor to provide policymaking, coordination, and oversight of the state's three public universities, two special K–12 schools, and affiliated centers.[239]. The Herbert Hoover National Historic Site and Herbert Hoover Presidential Library and Museum are in West Branch. Why? [20], Iowa is generally not flat; most of the state consists of rolling hills. This made Iowa the third state in the U.S. and first in the Midwest to permit same-sex marriage. Iowa has a humid continental climate throughout the state (Köppen climate classification Dfa) with extremes of both heat and cold. [83] The American Civil War briefly brought higher profits.[84]. Iowa has a four-season climate, reflecting the state’s position deep in the interior of the continent. Monthly averages Ames Longitude: -93.6218, Latitude: 41.9921 Average weather Ames, IA - 50010. [219], As with racial equality, Iowa was a vanguard in women's rights in the mid-19th century, but did not allow women the right to vote until the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified in 1920, Iowa legislature being one of the ratifying votes. High °F. Climate can mean the average weather for a particular region and time period taken over 30 years. The Missouri and Mississippi river boundaries are as they were mapped in the 19th century, which can vary from their modern courses. In previous elections, climate change was essentially a nonissue. [8], In the latter half of the 20th century, Iowa's agricultural economy made the transition to a diversified economy of advanced manufacturing, processing, financial services, information technology, biotechnology, and green energy production. [65] A disputed 1804 treaty between Quashquame and William Henry Harrison that surrendered much of Illinois to the U.S. enraged many Sauk and led to the 1832 Black Hawk War. “A picture is worth a thousand words” – – –… [89], After bottoming out in the 1980s, Iowa's economy began to become increasingly less dependent on agriculture. I-80 travels from the Nebraska state line to the Illinois state line through the center of the state, including Council Bluffs, Des Moines, Iowa City, and the Quad Cities. [222] Although Iowa supported the Federal Equal Rights Amendment, in 1980 and 1992 Iowa voters rejected an Equal Rights Amendment to the state constitution. Monthly averages Waterloo Longitude: -92.4003, Latitude: 42.5571 Average weather Waterloo, IA - 50703. Four of these have had candidates on the ballot in Iowa since 2004 for various positions: the Constitution Party, the Green Party, the Pirate Party, and the Socialist Workers Party.[202][203]. [139], While Iowa is often viewed as a farming state, agriculture is a relatively small portion of the state's diversified economy, with manufacturing, biotechnology, finance and insurance services, and government services contributing substantially to Iowa's economy. A 2014 survey by Pew Research Center found 60% of Iowans are Protestant, while 18% are Catholic, and 1% are of non-Christian religions. Low °C. [147], Major non-food manufacturing firms with production facilities in Iowa include 3M,[148] Arconic,[149] Amana Corporation,[150] Emerson Electric,[151] The HON Company,[152] SSAB,[153] John Deere,[154] Lennox Manufacturing,[155] Pella Corporation,[156] Procter & Gamble,[157] Vermeer Company,[158] and Winnebago Industries. [68] However, in contrast to the unprecidented act of the Iowa Legislature, the United States Federal Government, through the use of Treaties, forced the Ho-Chunk from Iowa in 1848,[69] and forced the Dakota from Iowa by 1858. [214] Social and housing discrimination continued against Blacks at state universities until the 1950s. Most property is taxed by more than one taxing authority. This causes the landscape in Iowa to be hilly. Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number. In college football, Jay Berwanger was the first winner of the Downtown Athletic Club Trophy in 1935, later renamed the Heisman Trophy and won by Nile Kinnick in 1939. Although Iowa has no professional major league sports teams, Iowa has minor league sports teams in baseball, basketball, hockey, and other sports. As of 2018[update], the 43rd and current Governor of Iowa is Kim Reynolds (R). So find on this website the historical weather averages in other cities in United States of America and climate and forecast data for all other countries in the world. You can jump to a separate table for each region of the state: Eastern, Central and Western Iowa. [99], As of the 2010 Census, the population of Iowa was 3,046,355. There were numerous Indian tribes living in Iowa at the time of early European exploration. Iowa and Iowa State have won a combined 30 NCAA Division I titles. Monthly averages Davenport Longitude: -90.5776, Latitude: 41.5236 Average weather Davenport, IA - 52801. They served with the Army of the Potomac in Virginia and fought under Union General Philip Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley. High °C. [84] In the economic sector, Iowa also has undergone considerable change. It has crossed the state on various routes each year since 1973. The average annual temperature in Iowa is 19.7 °C | 67.4 °F. [52], The first known European explorers to document Iowa were Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet who traveled the Mississippi River in 1673 documenting several Indigenous villages on the Iowa side. [261], Des Moines is home to the Iowa Wild, who are affiliated with the Minnesota Wild and are members of the American Hockey League. There are nine income tax brackets, ranging from 0.36% to 8.98%, as well as four corporate income tax brackets ranging from 6% to 12%, giving Iowa the country's highest marginal corporate tax rate. Tribes which arrived in Iowa in the late prehistoric or protohistoric periods include the Illiniwek, Meskwaki, Omaha, and Sauk. Climate can mean the average weather for a particular region and time period taken over 30 years. The climate conditions data used in the Tracking Network were obtained through the Iowa State University Climate Science Program and includes data from the Iowa Environmental Mesonet.. Iowa is host to at least two business incubators, Iowa State University Research Park and the BioVentures Center at the University of Iowa. Some of the most severe flooding in Iowa occurred in 1993 when the state received twice its average annual rainfall; much of the state remained flooded for four months, with roads inaccessible, water systems inoperable, housing uninhabitable, and farmland unusable. [14][b] The southern border is the Des Moines River and a not-quite-straight line along approximately 40 degrees 35 minutes north, as decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in Missouri v. Iowa (1849) after a standoff between Missouri and Iowa known as the Honey War. Iowa is a landlocked state located east from the mountainous western part of the country. [268], Coordinates: 42°04′30″N 93°29′46″W / 42.0751°N 93.4960°W / 42.0751; -93.4960 (State of Iowa), This article is about the State of Iowa. Although some states have a variety of climate zones, the entire state of Iowa is classified as a cold climate zone. [208] In 2007 presidential campaign spending was the seventh highest in the country. The tables give the normals for maximum and minimum temperatures based on weather data collected from 1981 to 2010 by the US National Climatic Data Center. The river otter has been reintroduced, as has the wild turkey, after becoming virtually extinct in the 1960s. RAGBRAI, the Register's Annual Great Bike Ride Across Iowa, attracts thousands of bicyclists and support personnel. Iowa averages about 50 days of thunderstorm activity per year. Davenport boasts the Figge Art Museum, River Music Experience, Putnam Museum, Davenport Skybridge, Quad City Symphony Orchestra, Ballet Quad Cities, and plays host to the annual Bix Beiderbecke Memorial Jazz Festival, and the Quad City Air Show, which is the largest airshow in the state. [33] In fact, covered manure storage in modern barns prevent that manure from washing away into surface water, as it does in open lots as snow melts and thunderstorms occur. The Iowa Wolves, an NBA G League team that plays in Des Moines, is owned and affiliated with the Minnesota Timberwolves of the NBA. [236] Teacher pay is ranked 22nd, with the average salary being $55,647. Lendt, David L. "Iowa and the Copperhead Movement." [144] Its per capita income for 2006 was $23,340. In 1917, the United States entered World War I and farmers as well as all Iowans experienced a wartime economy. Iowa has experienced severe flooding as a result of rapid snow melt and heavy summer rainstorms. The study Religious Congregations & Membership: 2000[125] found in the southernmost two tiers of Iowa counties and in other counties in the center of the state, the largest religious group was the United Methodist Church; in the northeast part of the state, including Dubuque and Linn counties (where Cedar Rapids is located), the Catholic Church was the largest; and in ten counties, including three in the northern tier, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America was the largest. [59], Fort Madison was built to control trade and establish U.S. dominance over the Upper Mississippi, but it was poorly designed and disliked by the Sauk and Fox, many of whom allied with the British, who had not abandoned claims to the territory. Twelve Tuskegee Airmen from World War II hailed from Iowa including, Robert Martin. 63. According to the 2016 American Community Survey, 5.6% of Iowa's population were of Hispanic or Latino origin (of any race): Mexican (4.3%), Puerto Rican (0.2%), Cuban (0.1%), and other Hispanic or Latino origin (1.0%). A portion of the larger Omaha, Nebraska, metropolitan area extends into three counties of southwest Iowa. [105] The five largest ancestry groups were: German (35.1%), Irish (13.5%), English (8.2%), American (5.8%), and Norwegian (5.0%). The Annals of Iowa 40 (1970), 412-427. [citation needed] William Labov and colleagues, in the monumental Atlas of North American English[128] found the English spoken in Iowa divides into multiple linguistic regions. After the amendment, it reads: "All men and women are, by nature, free and equal, and have certain inalienable rights—among which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquiring, possessing and protecting property, and pursuing and obtaining safety and happiness. Low °F. [63], After the war, the U.S. re-established control of the region through the construction of Fort Armstrong, Fort Snelling in Minnesota, and Fort Atkinson in Nebraska. As of 2016[update] about 6,000 Jews live in Iowa, with about 3,000 of them in Des Moines. July is the hottest month for Des Moines with an average high temperature of 85.6°, which ranks it as warmer than most places in Iowa. [11] Iowa has been listed as one of the safest U.S. states to live in. Station Data. Sioux City boasts a revitalized downtown and includes attractions such as the Hard Rock Hotel and Casino, Sergeant Floyd Monument, Sergeant Floyd River Museum, the Tyson Events Center, Southern Hills Mall, the Orpheum Theater, and more. [90] This economic diversity has helped Iowa weather the late 2000s recession better than most states, with unemployment substantially lower than the rest of the nation. "[224], In May 2018 Iowa signed into law one of the country's most restrictive abortion bans: the requirement that a doctor cannot perform an abortion if they can detect a fetal heartbeat, which in many cases would restrict abortions pregnancies less than six weeks old. "Official Encouragement of Immigration to Iowa", Marcus L. Hansen. Boone hosts the biennial Farm Progress Show and is home to the Mamie Doud Eisenhower museum, the Boone & Scenic Valley Railroad, and Ledges State Park. Climate in Iowa. [145], As of December 2015, the state's unemployment rate is 3.4%. The Amana Colonies are a group of settlements of German Pietists comprising seven villages listed as National Historic Landmarks. Iowa has two professional basketball teams. [211] By 1875, a number of additional court rulings effectively ended segregation in Iowa schools. The most noted avian resurgence in Iowa, however, is that of the bald eagle, seen widely throughout the state in winter, especially near open water. [146], Manufacturing is the largest sector of Iowa's economy, with $20.8 billion (21%) of Iowa's 2003 gross state product. The Driftless Area of northeast Iowa has many steep hills and deep valleys, checkered with forest and terraced fields. Average temperatures for January at cities, towns and lakes throughout Iowa are listed below in degrees Fahrenheit and Celsius. Averages are for Cedar Rapids Municipal Airport, which is 7 miles from Cedar Rapids. [141][142], If the economy is measured by gross domestic product, in 2005 Iowa's GDP was about $124 billion. [30] Threatened or endangered animals in Iowa include the interior least tern, piping plover, Indiana bat, pallid sturgeon, the Iowa Pleistocene land snail, Higgins' eye pearly mussel, and the Topeka shiner. Along with the New Hampshire primary the following week, Iowa's caucuses have become the starting points for choosing the two major-party candidates for president. [76][77], Iowa supported the Union during the Civil War, voting heavily for Abraham Lincoln, though there was an antiwar "Copperhead" movement in the state, caused partially by a drop in crop prices caused by the war. Incumbent Democratic governor Chet Culver was defeated in 2010 by Republican Terry Branstad, who had served as governor from 1983 to 1999. [201] Third parties, officially termed "nonparty political organizations", can appear on the ballot as well. And what can it possibly mean? [209], In the 19th century Iowa was among the earliest states to enact prohibitions against race discrimination, especially in education, but was slow to achieve full integration in the 20th century. Iowa recognizes three political parties—the Republican Party, the Democratic Party, and the Libertarian Party. Some of the most dramatic scenery in Iowa is found in the unique Loess Hills which are found along Iowa's western border. All the following teams are NCAA Division I football, basketball, or wrestling teams:[246][247][248][249][250], The state has four NCAA Division I college teams. In northwest Iowa, Cretaceous bedrock can be 74 million years old; in eastern Iowa Cambrian bedrock dates to c. 500 million years ago. The January low is 10. [129] Natives of East-Central Iowa—including cities such as Cedar Rapids, Dubuque, and Clinton tend to speak with the Northern Cities Vowel Shift, a dialect that extends from this area and east across the Great Lakes Region.[130]. The presidential … The Babel Proclamation of 1918 banned the speaking of German in public. The ring-necked pheasant, imported in the early 1900s, remains an important game bird. [27] The Northern, drier part of Iowa is categorized as part of the Central tall grasslands. [50] The pattern of precipitation across Iowa is seasonal, with more rain falling in the summer months. Other western communities with vibrant historic downtown areas include Storm Lake, Spencer, Glenwood, Carroll, Harlan, Atlantic, Red Oak, Denison, Creston, Mount Ayr, Sac City, and Walnut. My house stands on a neighborhood corner in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. [78] There were no battles in the state, although the Battle of Athens, Missouri, 1861, was fought just across the Des Moines River from Croton, Iowa, and shots from the battle landed in Iowa. [167] In 2002 the impact of the indirect role of agriculture in Iowa's economy, including agriculture-affiliated business, was calculated at 16.4% in terms of value added and 24.3% in terms of total output. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers controls all the major dams in the state. [193] Iowa has one local option sales tax that may be imposed by counties after an election. [225] It was struck down in January 2019, when an Iowa state judge ruled that the "fetal heartbeat" law was unconstitutional. Climate is the average of weather over time. Iowa is among the few jurisdictions where municipalities install speed cameras on interstate highways providing a substantial revenue source from out of state drivers. The Sioux City Bandits play in the Champions Indoor Football league. The tables give the normals for maximum and minimum temperatures based on weather data collected from 1981 to 2010 by the US National Climatic Data Center. In professional football, Kurt Warner was the Super Bowl XXXIV MVP winner and a two-time NFL MVP award winner. A barge transporting cars to dry roads during severe flooding in Iowa in 1993. The subsequent Woodland period saw an increased reliance on agriculture and social complexity, with increased use of mounds, ceramics, and specialized subsistence. The Cedar Rapids Museum of Art has collections of paintings by Grant Wood and Marvin Cone. Station Data. For farmers, the change was significant. [227], On April 3, 2009, the Iowa Supreme Court decided Varnum v. Brien,[228] holding in a unanimous decision,[229] the state's law forbidding same-sex marriage was unconstitutional. Average temperatures for July at cities, towns and lakes throughout Iowa are listed below in degrees Fahrenheit and Celsius. [211], In 1884, the Iowa Civil Rights Act apparently outlawed discrimination by businesses, reading: "All persons within this state shall be entitled to the full and equal enjoyment of the accommodations, advantages, facilities, and privileges of inns, restaurants, chophouses, eating houses, lunch counters, and all other places where refreshments are served, public conveyances, barber shops, bathhouses, theaters, and all other places of amusement." The first and second Iowa State Fairs were held in the more developed eastern part of the state at Fairfield. As a result of the 2016 elections, Republicans gained control of the Senate. The Sanford Museum and Planetarium in Cherokee, Grotto of the Redemption in West Bend, The Danish Immigrant Museum in Elk Horn, and the Fort Museum and Frontier Village in Fort Dodge are other regional destinations. [26], The southern part of Iowa is categorized as the Central forest-grasslands transition ecoregion. But rainfall during the four wettest days of the year has increased about 35 percent, and the amount of water flowing in most streams during the worst flood of the year has increased by more than 20 percent. Iowa allows its residents to deduct their federal income taxes from their state income taxes. Along Interstate 80 near Walcott lies the world's largest truck stop, Iowa 80. Climate is the average of weather over time. Dec. 16.7°F. This page provides general information about climate data and measures developed by the Iowa Public Health Tracking program. The most pleasant months of the year for Iowa are June, September and August. The tax rate differs in each locality and is a composite of county, city or rural township, school district and special levies. [160][161] Iowa has also seen an increase in demand for local, sustainably-grown food. [122][123] A survey from the Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) in 2010 found that the largest Protestant denominations were the United Methodist Church with 235,190 adherents and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America with 229,557. [90] The population of Iowa has increased at a faster rate than the U.S. as a whole,[89] and Iowa now has a predominantly urban population. [211] Several attempts to grant full voting rights to Iowa women were defeated between 1870 and 1919. Sioux City is the largest city in western Iowa and is found on the convergence of the Missouri, Floyd, and Big Sioux Rivers. Former WWE Heavyweight Champion Seth Rollins is from Davenport. [55] Spain practiced very loose control over the Iowa region, granting trading licenses to French and British traders, who established trading posts along the Mississippi and Des Moines Rivers. Month. The John Deere Classic is a PGA Tour golf event held in the Quad Cities since 1971. The table below shows the racial composition of Iowa's population as of 2018. [136] Many Iowa communities hold farmers' markets during warmer months; these are typically weekly events, but larger cities can host multiple markets. Le Mars is home to Wells Enterprises, one of the largest ice cream manufacturers in the world. Iowa's all-time hottest temperature of 118 °F (48 °C) was recorded at Keokuk on July 20, 1934, during a nationwide heat wave;[42] the all-time lowest temperature of −47 °F (−44 °C) was recorded at Washta on January 12, 1912. [28], There is a dearth of natural areas in Iowa; less than 1% of the tallgrass prairie that once covered most of Iowa remains intact; only about 5% of the state's prairie pothole wetlands remain, and most of the original forest has been lost. Climate can mean the average weather for a particular region and time period taken over 30 years. Cedar Rapids is also home to the National Czech & Slovak Museum & Library and Iowa's only National Trust for Historic Preservation Site, Brucemore mansion. [79], Following the Civil War, Iowa's population continued to grow dramatically, from 674,913 people in 1860[82] to 1,624,615 in 1880. [159], Though industrial-scale, commodity agriculture predominates in much of the state, Iowa has seen growth in the organic farming sector. Dyersville is home to the famed Field of Dreams baseball diamond. Labov, W., Ash, S., & Boberg, C. (2006). [91] Urban counties in Iowa grew 8.5% from 2000 to 2008, while rural counties declined by 4.2%. [176]:2 Wellmark HealthPlan of Iowa and Wellmark Inc had the highest risk-based capital percentages of all 10 providers at 1158% and 1132%, respectively. Iowa is the birthplace of U.S. President Herbert Hoover, Vice President Henry A. Wallace, and two first ladies, Lou Henry Hoover and Mamie Eisenhower. Deer, raccoons, opossum, squirrels, and chipmunks are prevalent.